Understanding Urinalysis

The goal of this activity is to help advanced practitioners interpret urinalysis, learn how to evaluate the results, and relate the results to clinical practice.  The program also helps clinicians understand the importance of proteinuria including causes and mechanisms, diagnosis and detection, and clinical relevance and treatment.

Learning Objectives: 

After participation in this activity, learners will be able to:

  • Determine the most appropriate lab values to identify and diagnose nephrotic vs nephritic syndromes with special emphasis on urinalysis
  • Categorize the differences between nephrotic and nephritic syndromes with the most common treatment plans and outcomes

Target Audience

  • Physicians
  • Physician Assistants
  • Nurse Practitioners
CME/CE Information:


The National Kidney Foundation is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The National Kidney Foundation designates this enduring for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s) TM.  Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.  

Physician Assistant

AAPA accepts certificates of participation for educational activities certified for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from organizations accredited by ACCME or a recognized state medical society. Physician assistants may receive a maximum of 1.5 hours of Category I credit for completing this program.

Nurse Practitioners

This program is approved for 1.5 contact hours of continuing education (which includes 0.33 hours of pharmacology) by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. Program ID 1509414.

This program was planned in accordance with AANP CE Standards and Policies and AANP Commercial Support Standards.  

Method of Participation:

Learners will review the materials on accreditation information, target audience, learning objectives, and disclosure information; participate in the entire self-study consisting of slides and audio; and complete the post-test (minimum score of 70% required) and evaluation to successfully earn credit.  The estimated time for completion is 1.5 hours. 

Declaration of Disclosure:

It is the policy of the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) to ensure balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all CME/CE activities. Any individual who has control over CME/CE content is required to disclose to learners prior to the activity any relevant financial relationship(s) they may have with commercial interests supporting this activity or whose products or devices are discussed in this activity.  

If, on the basis of information disclosed, a perceived conflict exists, resolution will be achieved based on NKF's Disclosure and Conflict of Interest Policy.

Unlabeled/Investigational Use:

During their presentations, faculty may discuss an unlabeled use or an investigational use not approved for a commercial product. Each faculty member is required to disclose this information to the audience when referring to an unlabeled or investigational use.


The faculty and National Kidney Foundation (NKF) do not recommend the use of any pharmaceutical, diagnostic test, or device outside of the labeled indications as approved by the FDA. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.

Information contained in this NKF educational resource is based upon current data available at the time of publication. Information is intended to help clinicians become aware of new scientific findings and developments.  This NKF educational resource is not intended to set out a preferred standard of care and should not be construed as one. Neither should the information be interpreted as prescribing an exclusive course of management.

Variations in practice will inevitably and appropriately occur when clinicians take into account the needs of individual patients, available resources, and limitations unique to an institution or type of practice. Every healthcare professional making use of information in this NKF educational resource is responsible for interpreting the data as it pertains to clinical decision making in each individual patient.

Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.50 AANP Contact Hours
  • 0.33 AANP Pharmacology
  • 1.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • 1.50 Category I Credit for Physician Assistants
  • 1.50 Attendance
Course opens: 
Course expires: 
Faculty Disclosures:

Denise Link, MPAS, PA-C
Physician Assistant
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Irving, TX

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s).

Robert Toto, MD
Associate Dean for Clinical and Translational Research
The University of Texas of Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX

Disclosure: Receives a research grant from Ardelyx, is a member of the speakers bureau for Amgen and Merck, and is a consultant for Amgen, Merck, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Stealth Peptides, BMS, and Celgene.

Planning Committee Disclosures:

Deborah Brommage, RD, CSR, CDN
Program Director, Kidney Learning Solutions
National Kidney Foundation
New York, NY

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s). 

Beth Evans, RN, MSN, DNP
Nephrology Nurse Practitioner
Renal Medicine Associates
Albuquerque, NM

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s).

Bina George-Figueroa, MS, CHCP
Senior Director, Program Accreditation
National Kidney Foundation
New York, NY

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s).

Danielle Nathan, MA
Professional Education Director
National Kidney Foundation
New York, NY

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s).

CME/CE Reviewer Disclosure:

Alok Agarwal, MD
Staff Physician/Nephrologist
VA Hospital
Dayton, OH

Disclosure: No financial relationships with commercial interest(s)


Available Credit

  • 1.50 AANP Contact Hours
  • 0.33 AANP Pharmacology
  • 1.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • 1.50 Category I Credit for Physician Assistants
  • 1.50 Attendance


Please login or register for a PERC account to take this course.

Required Hardware/software

System requirements can be found here.

Contact Information:

For any questions concerning this activity, please send an email to CMEinfo@kidney.org or call NKF at 1-800-622-9010.

To view NKF privacy and confidentiality policy as it relates to CME/CE activity, please visit http://www.kidney.org/

For additional professional education resources, contact NKF at 1-800-622-9010 or visit https://www.kidney.org/professionals